The objective of Norwegian resource management is to set the parameters of a harvesting policy which provides for the optimal and sustainable utilisation of marine resources as a basis for marine business development, while at the same time taking due account of the need to protect the marine ecosystem. Resource management shall also ensure that fishing activities are in accordance with stipulated quotas and in compliance with prevailing regulations.
The resource management department is also active in quota negotiations with other countries and participates in international processes under the direction of, among others, the UN, OSPAR and regional fisheries organisations. The department is also broadly involved in information and meeting activities with the industry and other bodies such as the police, the public prosecuting authority, the Norwegian coast guard and the sales organisations.
The resource management department consists of four sections:
The Licensing section
The Licensing section deals with such matters as commercial fishing licences, concessions and participation access rights, and has responsibility for maintaining the register of vessels and participants and the register of fishermen. It is also the appellate body for decisions made by the Directorate of fisheries’ regional offices within the Section’s sphere of activity.
The fisheries regulations section
The Fisheries Regulations Section draws up regulations, monitors developments in the fisheries sector, re-allocates quotas and stops fishing in areas where calculations show that the quotas have been exhausted.
The section is also responsible for issuing vessels with licences to fish in the economic zones of other countries. It is also the appellate body in matters related to confiscation and decisions made by the Directorate of fisheries’ regional offices within the section’s sphere of activity.
The development section
The development section’s activities include testing of new, resource-friendly fishing equipment and responsibility for the section’s practical skills in fisheries-related subjects. The section is also responsible for the development of new harvesting models in the area of marine resources.
In addition, the section acts on behalf of the Directorate in matters related to petroleum activities, including impact studies. The section is also the secretariat for the compensation scheme for Norwegian fishermen pursuant to the Petroleum Act, and for the Trawler Board.
The control section
The control section is responsible for coordinating the directorate’s overall resource control activities and carries out risk analyses and risk identification for use in control activity.